Status of slum dwelling women: a case study of Pokhara valleyAuthor : Lina Gurung
Submitted Date : 2009-12-28 10:41:26
This study describes the socio-demographic condition and the socio-economic status of women dwelling in the slums of the Pokhara, west Nepal. More specifically, the study explored and analysed gendered position of the same respondent in their household decision-making. The study is based on primary data but secondary data also been used. Interview schedule and focus group discussion are the key tools & techniques used for the study. Out of the 41 slums in the 18 wards of Pokhara only three settlements/wards namely Shiva tole from ward 9, Kranti tole from 15 and Shanti tole from ward 18 selected for the study. The three wards and the settlements/clusters selected based on distance from the highway. Sixty ever-married women selected as respondents i.e. 20 from the each settlement.
The study shows that mostly Gurung and Dalit constitute the slum community of Pokhara valley and most of the slum dwellers are migrants. The study found unsatisfactory socio-economic background of the women in slums such as high illiteracy, no facilities of capacity building, very less involvement in social organisation, having no access to economic resources, less participation in decision making process and domestic violence against women increases their vulnerability. Violence against these women is the result of their voicelessness, non-representation and marginalization. Gender inequalities among the school going children is observed insignificant than in married people.
Key words: Slum Dwelling Women , Marginalization and Pokhara valley